Female figurine (proto Phi-type)
A Mycenaean idol
Hand-Made Bronze Sculpture with Quality Guarantee. Traditionally made with the method of casting bronze and with a museum-like oxidization.
Schematic female figurines with arms folded or raised in an attitude of supplication are the commonest types of Mycenaean cult objects. They are small in size, handmade and are called conventionally Phi-type, Psi-type and Tau-type because of their similarity to the corresponding letters of the Greek alphabet (Φ, Ψ and T). This particular example belongs to an early stage in the development of the Phi-type figurines, when the hands were still rendered in a more naturalistic way (Proto-phi type).
Mycenaean figurines made their appearance at the end of the 15th c. BC and continued to be used until the end of the 12th c. BC.
Mycenaean female figurines are found frequently in shrines, graves and even houses. Their symbolism was complex and their use probably varied according to the circumstances. In general, they are thought to represent goddesses possibly associated with fertility (some Phi-type figurines carry babies in their hands). As, however, identical figurines are frequently found in the graves of children, some scholars believe that they may have been also used as toys.